Nepali Calendar also known as Bikram Sambat calendar is the official calendar of Nepal. Unlike the regular calendar or Georgian calendar, this takes a unique approach to categorize the months and years. This traditional calendar is approximately 56.7 years ahead of the English calendar. For timekeeping, it uses sidereal years and lunar months.
In Nepal, the month starts from Baisakh and ends in Chaitra where the month doesn’t match with January and February in proportion. Even the new year here starts from Baisakh which usually is during April-May session of A.D calendar. The dates too are never pre-determined as some months with 28 days (Mangshir) and some moving up to 32 days (Asar).
Here you can toggle left and right to check the holidays and tithis of upcoming and previous months. Everything from big festivals like Dashain, Tihar to small ones, we have got it covered in this calendar.
As far as Wikipedia goes, the evolution of this calendar comes from a vividly remembered and somewhat mythical legend Vikramaditya. If legends have to be believed, it’s said that King Vikramaditya introduced the V.S era after he convincingly defeated Sakas. It’s said that during the rana regime, it came to existence. For a long period of time, BS calendar along with shaka sambat was kept to hold. However, in 1952, BS calendar was officially announced as Nepal’s calendar.
Its significance comes from the unique perspective of Nepalese celebrating their own festivals and events according to the dates. Just like New year is considered as one of the vital events in most countries, Nepal has Dashain and Tihar where everyone gathers with their family to celebrate this auspicious festival.
Nepali Calendar is marked with different family gatherings, the exchange of gifts, and also monetary exchanges. It can be considered as Nepali’s Christmas and Thanksgiving. The cultural aspect of Nepal has a great diversity. Not only people here celebrate Nepalese new year that starts in mid-April but also gets involved in English New year.
Along with Nepal, the tradition flows in North India, East India and different part of Gujarat. The month of Baisakh is incorporated with devotion to Gautam Buddha by the Buddhist community. They simply celebrate the enlightenment and passing of Gautam Buddha.